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J Med Chem. 2007 Feb 22;50(4):794-806.

Discovery of a potent and selective prostaglandin D2 receptor antagonist, [(3R)-4-(4-chloro-benzyl)-7-fluoro-5-(methylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocyclopenta[b]indol-3-yl]-acetic acid (MK-0524).

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Merck Frosst Canada & Co., 16711 Trans Canada Highway, Kirkland, Quebec H9H 3L1, Canada. claudio_sturino@merck.com

Abstract

The discovery of the potent and selective prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) receptor (DP) antagonist [(3R)-4-(4-chlorobenzyl)-7-fluoro-5-(methylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocyclopenta[b]indol-3-yl]-acetic acid (13) is presented. Initial lead antagonists 6 and 7 were found to be potent and selective DP antagonists (DP Ki = 2.0 nM for each); however, they both suffered from poor pharmacokinetic profiles, short half-lives and high clearance rates in rats. Rat bile duct cannulation studies revealed that high concentrations of parent drug were present in the biliary fluid (Cmax = 1100 microM for 6 and 3900 microM for 7). This pharmacokinetic liability was circumvented by replacing the 7-methylsulfone substituent present in 6 and 7 with a fluorine atom resulting in antagonists with diminished propensity for biliary excretion and with superior pharmacokinetic profiles. Further optimization led to the discovery of the potent and selective DP antagonist 13.

PMID:
17300164
DOI:
10.1021/jm0603668
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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