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Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Jun;31(6):913-8. Epub 2007 Feb 13.

Association of lipoprotein lipase gene polymorphisms with obesity and type 2 diabetes in an Asian Indian population.

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Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Gopalapuram, Chennai, India.



Lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a pivotal enzyme in lipoprotein metabolism, catalyzes the hydrolysis of triglycerides of very low-density lipoproteins and chylomicrons. Assuming that the variants in the promoter of the LPL gene may be associated with changes in lipid metabolism leading to obesity and type 2 diabetes, we examined the role of promoter variants (-T93G and -G53C) in the LPL gene in an urban South Indian population.


The study subjects (619 type 2 diabetic and 731 normal glucose-tolerant (NGT) subjects) were chosen from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study, an ongoing population-based study in southern India. The polymorphisms were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Linkage disequilibrium (LD) was estimated from the estimates of haplotypic frequencies.


The two polymorphisms studied were not in LD. The -T93G was not associated with type 2 diabetes but was associated with obesity. 11.5% of the obese subjects (62/541) had the XG(TG+GG) genotype compared with 6.4% of the nonobese subjects (52/809; P=0.001). The odds ratio for obesity for the XG genotype was 1.766 (95% CI: 1.19-2.63, P=0.005). Subjects with XG genotype also had higher body mass index and waist circumference compared with those with TT genotype. With respect to G53C, subjects with the XC(GC+CC) genotype had 0.527 and 0.531 times lower risk for developing type 2 diabetes and obesity, respectively.


Among Asian Indians, the -T93G SNP of the LPL gene is associated with obesity but not type 2 diabetes, whereas the -G53C SNP appears to be protective against both obesity and type 2 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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