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Am J Cardiol. 1992 Jan 1;69(1):97-102.

Exercise testing and thallium-201 emission computed tomography in patients with intraventricular conduction disturbances.

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1
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

The specificity of exercise thallium-201 emission computed tomography for coronary artery disease was assessed in patients with intraventricular conduction disturbances. Eighty-seven patients were studied: 33 with right bundle branch block (RBBB), 11 with RBBB and left-axis deviation, 11 with left (L)BBB, 12 on right ventricular pacing, and 20 with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. A control group of 349 consecutive patients with normal intraventricular conduction was also examined. The specificity of diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients with LBBB (30%), right ventricular pacing (44%) or RBBB plus left-axis deviation (50%) was significantly lower than in patients with normal intraventricular conduction (94%; p less than 0.01). In contrast, there was no significant difference between specificity in patients with RBBB (86%) or WPW syndrome (90%) and patients with normal intraventricular conduction. Perfusion defects were found in the anterior, septal and inferior segments in patients with LBBB, and in the septal and inferior segments in patients with RBBB plus left-axis deviation despite the absence of coronary stenosis. Furthermore, diffuse slow washout was seen more often in patients with WPW syndrome (35%) than in controls who had normal intraventricular conduction (11%; p less than 0.05), despite a good exercise performance in the former group. This study suggests that there is an increased incidence of abnormal perfusion and clearance during exercise thallium-201 emission computed tomography in patients with intraventricular conduction disturbances.

PMID:
1729874
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(92)90682-o
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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