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Reprod Biomed Online. 2007 Feb;14(2):224-34.

Different types of recurrent miscarriage are associated with varying patterns of adhesion molecule expression in endometrium.

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School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.


This study investigated the hypothesis that different types of recurrent miscarriage history are associated with different markers of endometrial receptivity. A secondary objective was to compare the distribution in endometrial epithelium of a group of cell surface components with roles in cell adhesion. Of 54 women who had an implantation window endometrial biopsy, 17 had idiopathic recurrent fetal loss, 17 had idiopathic recurrent loss of empty gestation sacs, 10 had recurrent implantation failure and 10 had two or more normal pregnancies. Immunohistochemistry and HSCORE was used with frozen sections for integrins (alpha1beta1, alpha4beta1, alpha(v)beta3), and MUC1 (BC2) and paraffin sections for osteopontin and MUC1 (BC3). Epithelial beta1 integrins were located primarily in the basolateral membrane compartment. Consistently greater expression of alpha4beta1, alpha1beta1 and alpha(v)beta3 was seen in the luminal epithelium and greater expression of alpha4beta1 and alpha1beta1 in the glandular epithelium of women with recurrent fetal loss when compared with those with recurrent loss of empty gestation sacs. There were no significant differences in the expression of osteopontin or MUC1 between groups. Different endometrial integrin distribution was found in women suffering different types of recurrent pregnancy loss. It is postulated that impairment of the implantation barrier contributes to recurrent fetal loss.

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