Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Vox Sang. 2007 Feb;92(2):142-7.

FY*X real-time polymerase chain reaction with melting curve analysis associated with a complete one-step real-time FY genotyping.

Author information

  • 1Institut National de la Transfusion Sanguine, Centre National de Référence pour les Groupes Sanguins, 20 rue Bouvier, 75522 Paris cedex 11, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

The Duffy (FY) blood group system is controlled by four major alleles: FY*A and FY*B, the Caucasian common alleles, encoding Fy(a) and Fy(b) antigens; FY*X allele responsible for a poorly expressed Fy(b) antigen, and FY*Fy a silent predominant allele among Black population. Despite the recent development of a real-time fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for FY genotyping FY*X genotyping has not been described by this method. This study focused on the real-time FY*X genotyping development associated with a complete, one-step real-time FY genotyping, based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Seventy-two blood samples from Fy(a+b-) Caucasian blood donors were studied by real-time PCR only. Forty-seven Caucasian and Black individual blood samples, referred to our laboratory, were studied by PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR. For each individual, the result of the genotype was compared to the known phenotype.

RESULTS:

The FY*X allele frequency calculated in an Fy(a+b-) Caucasian blood donors population was 0.014. With the Caucasian and Black patient samples we found a complete correlation between PCR-RFLP and the real-time PCR method whatever the alleles combination tested. When the known phenotype was not correlated to FY*X genotype, the presence of the Fy(b) antigen was always confirmed by adsorption-elution.

CONCLUSION:

The real-time technology method is rapid and accurate for FY genotyping. From now, we are able to detect the FY*X allele in all the alleles combinations studied. Regarding its significant frequency, the detection of the FY*X allele is useful for the correct typing of blood donors and recipients considering the therapeutic use of blood units and the preparation of test red blood cells for antibody screening.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center