Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Neurol. 2007 Feb;64(2):232-6.

Differentiation between primary lateral sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: examination of symptoms and signs at disease onset and during follow-up.

Author information

1
Clinical Neurological Sciences, London Health Sciences Centre, University of Western Ontario, 339 Windermere Road, London, Ontario, Canada. mtartagl@uwo.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Motor neuron diseases can affect the upper motor neuron and/or the lower motor neuron. Both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are motor neuron diseases, and there is much debate as to whether these are 2 separate disorders or simply 2 points on a continuum.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine which clinical features at onset and during follow-up could help differentiate between PLS and ALS.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study comparing patients with a diagnosis of PLS or ALS for differences in symptoms or signs at disease onset and during follow-up.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral center. Patients Six hundred sixty-one patients with ALS and 43 patients with PLS were included in the study.

RESULTS:

At presentation, stiffness was the only symptom that was significantly different between patients with PLS and patients with ALS (observed in 47% and 4% of patients, respectively; P<.001). During follow-up, limb wasting was rare in patients with PLS (2%, compared with 100% in patients with ALS; P<.001). Disease duration was significantly longer in patients with PLS compared with patients with ALS (mean +/- SD, 11.2 +/- 6.1 vs 3.8 +/- 4.2 years, respectively; P<.001). During the 16 years of follow-up, the mortality rate was significantly lower in patients with PLS compared with patients with ALS (only 33% vs 89%, respectively; P<.001).

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that a patient presenting with spasticity who does not develop wasting within 3 years most likely has PLS.

PMID:
17296839
DOI:
10.1001/archneur.64.2.232
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center