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Eur J Immunol. 2007 Mar;37(3):716-28.

Priming of CD8+ T cell responses by pathogens typically depends on CD70-mediated interactions with dendritic cells.

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Institute of Experimental Immunology, Zurich, Switzerland.


The CD27/CD70-interaction has been shown to provide a costimulatory and survival signal for T cells in vitro and in vivo. Recently, CD70 expression by DC was found to be important for the priming of CD8+ T cells. We show here that blocking CD70 interactions has a significant impact on priming of CD8+ T cell responses by vaccinia virus (VV), Listeria monocytogenes and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in mice. However, the priming of specific CD8+ T cells upon infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) was only marginally reduced by CD70-blockade. Blocking of CD70 prevented CD8+ T cell priming in DIETER mice, a model in which presentation of LCMV-derived epitopes can be induced selectively in dendritic cells (DC). In contrast, CD70-CD27 interactions were not important for the priming of VSV-specific CD4+ T cells or class switch of neutralizing antibodies. As we show that priming of CD8+ T cells by the pathogens used here is dependent on antigen presentation by DC and that infection results in up-regulation of CD70 on DC, we conclude that CD70 expression on DC plays an important role in the priming of CD8+ T cells by pathogens. Moreover, the lack of CD70 cannot be completely compensated for by other costimulatory molecules.

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