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Am J Transplant. 2006 Dec;6(12):2955-64.

CD4+CD25bright+ regulatory T cells can mediate donor nonreactivity in long-term immunosuppressed kidney allograft patients.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


CD4+ CD25bright+ FoxP3+ T cells are potent regulators of T-cell reactivity, but their possible involvement in donor-specific nonresponsiveness after clinical kidney transplantation remains to be elucidated. We assessed the proliferative donor-reactivity in 33 kidney allograft recipients who were maintained on a combination of proliferation inhibitors (mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or Azathioprine (Aza)) and prednisone, long (> 5 years) after transplantation. Of the 33 patients, 8 still exhibited donor-reactivity, whereas 25 were classified as donor nonreactive patients. Within these 25 donor nonreactive patients, we assessed the involvement of CD4+ CD25bright+ regulatory T cells both by depleting them from the responder population as well as by reconstituting them to the CD25(-/dim) effector population. The absence of proliferation in these 25 patients, was abolished in 7 (28%) recipients upon depletion of the CD4+ CD25bright+ T cells. Reconstitution of these cells suppressed the donor-reactivity in a dose-dependent manner. Adding-back CD4+ CD25bright+ T cells inhibited the anti-third party response in all recipients, indicating that functional CD4+ CD25bright+ T cells circulate despite more then 5 years of immunosuppressive treatment. Altogether, we conclude that in long-term immunosuppressed kidney allograft patients functional regulatory CD4+ CD25bright+ T cells circulate but that these cells mediate donor non reactivity only in a subset of patients.

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