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J Virol Methods. 2007 Jun;142(1-2):29-40. Epub 2007 Feb 9.

Neutralization assays for differential henipavirus serology using Bio-Plex protein array systems.

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CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, 5 Portarlington Road, Geelong, Vic. 3220, Australia.


Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV) are related emerging paramyxoviruses classified in the genus Henipavirus. Both cause fatal disease in animals and humans and are classified as biosafety level 4 pathogens. Here we detail two new multiplexed microsphere assays, one for antibody detection and differentiation and another designed as a surrogate for virus neutralization. Both assays utilize recombinant soluble attachment glycoproteins (sG) whereas the latter incorporates the cellular receptor, recombinant ephrin-B2. Spectrally distinct sG(HeV)- and sG(NiV)-coupled microspheres preferentially bound antibodies from HeV- and NiV-seropositive animals, demonstrating a simple procedure to differentiate antibodies to these closely related viruses. Soluble ephrin-B2 bound sG-coupled microspheres in a dose-dependent fashion. Specificity of binding was further evaluated with henipavirus G-specific sera and MAbs. Sera from henipavirus-seropositive animals differentially blocked ephrin-B2 binding, suggesting that detection and differentiation of HeV and NiV neutralizing antibodies can be done simultaneously in the absence of live virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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