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Transpl Int. 2007 Mar;20(3):266-76.

A limited course of soluble CD83 delays acute cellular rejection of MHC-mismatched mouse skin allografts.

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1
Department of Immunology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Abstract

CD83 is a surface marker expressed on matured dendritic cells (DCs). It plays a pivotal role in the mediation of DC/T cell interaction and induction of T-cell activation. Previous studies have suggested that a soluble form of CD83 could suppress DC maturation and inhibit T-cell activation and, as a result, it can prevent paralysis associated with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Here, we explored its potential effect on allograft rejection in a fully major histocompatibility complex-mismatched murine skin transplantation model. A form of mouse soluble CD83 (CD83-Ig) fused the extracellular domain of murine CD83 with human IgG1alpha Fc tail was purified from transfected COS-7 cell. It was found that the treatment of recipient mice with CD83-Ig significantly delayed allograft rejection. Especially, when T cells originated from recipients treated with CD83-Ig re-stimulated with donor-specific splenocytes, they showed a significant reduced responding capability as compared with that of originated from control recipients. In line with these results, a reduction for serum IFN-gamma and IL-2 and a decreased mRNA expression of IFN-gamma and IL-2 in allograft infiltrated immune cells were also observed. Our results suggest that CD83-Ig could be useful for the treatment of allograft rejection in combination with other therapeutic strategies.

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