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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007 Mar;59(3):370-7. Epub 2007 Feb 8.

Molecular basis of Tropheryma whipplei doxycycline susceptibility examined by transcriptional profiling.

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1
Unité des Rickettsies, CNRS-UMR6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, Marseille, F13385, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES AND METHODS:

Tropheryma whipplei is a poorly studied bacterium responsible for Whipple's disease. In this study, its susceptibility to doxycycline was investigated at a transcriptional level using a whole-genome DNA microarray.

RESULTS:

Exposure of T. whipplei to the MIC of doxycycline (0.5 mg/L) induced antibiotic-specific primary expression profiles, while indirect effects were detected at 10 x MIC. In contrast to what was observed for several microorganisms exposed to antibiotics, the heat-shock proteins were not affected. Consistent with the mode of action of this translation inhibitor, genes encoding for ribosomal proteins and translation factors were differentially transcribed. This analysis also evidenced the regulation of genes that should account for cell growth arrest. Long-term survival of non-replicating bacteria is likely to be ensured by an increased level of ppGpp, the nucleotide effector of the stringent response. The gene expression profile observed with 10 x MIC was mainly characterized by the up-regulation of ABC transporters that possibly form efflux and detoxification systems, through which T. whipplei may limit the effects of this bacteriostatic compound. Obtained microarray data showed good agreement with real-time quantitative PCR (R2 = 0.969).

CONCLUSIONS:

This work represents the first comprehensive genomic approach providing insights into the expression signature triggered by the exposure of T. whipplei to antibiotics.

PMID:
17289769
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkl507
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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