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J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007 Feb;8(2):105-9. Epub 2006 Jul 17.

The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatrics.

Author information

1
Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM), Affiliated Hospitals at Canton, Canton, OH 44708, USA. elizabeth.baum@csauh.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if participation in a 12-month longitudinal long-term care (LTC) rotation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes about geriatrics.

DESIGN:

Longitudinal study with paired measurements.

SETTING:

A community LTC facility and a university-affiliated, community-based internal medicine residency program.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixty-seven internal medicine residents who participated in the rotation from 1997 through 2004.

INTERVENTION:

The internal medicine residents attended nursing home (NH) rounds one half day per month for 1 year, during which time they participated in a case-based interactive lecture on a core geriatric topic and rounded on their assigned patients.

MEASUREMENTS:

Knowledge was assessed using a 70-item test. Attitudes were evaluated with a 28-item, 5-point Likert scale (1 = least positive, 5 = most positive).

RESULTS:

The percent correct responses on geriatric knowledge pretest was 47% (95% CI = 45.2% to 48.8%) and on the posttest it was 57.5% (95% CI = 55.3% to 59.6%) (t = 8.180, df = 67, P < .001). The pretest total attitude score was 3.6 (95% CI = 3.6 to 3.7), with a posttest score of 3.7 (95% CI = 3.7 to 3.8) (P < .001). The difference in this total was accounted for mainly by the significant changes in the attitude subscales in educational preparation (pretest 3.6 [95% CI = 3.5 to 3.8]; posttest 3.8 [95% CI = 3.7 to 3.9] [P < .001]), general attitudes (pretest 4.0 [95% CI = 3.9 to 4.1]; posttest 4.2 [95% CI = 4.0 to 4.3] [P = .006]), and therapeutic potential (pretest 3.7 [95% CI = 3.5 to 3.8]; posttest 3.8 [95% CI = 3.7 to 3.9] [P = .048]).

CONCLUSION:

A longitudinal LTC rotation is an efficient and effective way to systematically provide internal medicine residents their core knowledge and experience in geriatrics.

PMID:
17289540
DOI:
10.1016/j.jamda.2006.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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