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J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2007 Feb;8(2):76-9. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Determinants of vitamin D levels in nursing home residents.

Author information

1
Wisconsin Veterans Home, King, WI 54946, USA. Paul.Drinka@dva.state.wi.us

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of various doses of vitamin D(2) and D(3), as well as ambulatory status (a surrogate for sun exposure), on 25-OH-D levels.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study with multiple regression analysis.

SETTING:

A state veterans home for veterans and their spouses.

PARTICIPANTS:

Three hundred two of 609 eligible residents.

MEASUREMENTS:

Serum 25-OH-D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level, supplemental dose of vitamins D(2) and D(3) per kilogram of body weight, and 3 levels of ambulatory status.

RESULTS:

The mean 25-OH-D level was 28.6 + 9.2 ng/mL; 6.6% of subjects had values of 16 ng/mL or below. Thirty-two percent of participants had 25-OH-D levels below 30 ng/mL and PTH elevation based on stage of kidney disease, evidence that the suboptimal 25-OH-D level had physiologic consequences. Residents unable to transfer independently had 25-OH-D levels 1.6 ng/mL lower than those able to transfer independently. A regression analysis performed in residents unable to transfer independently (less likely to be exposed to the sun) demonstrated that the average increase in 25-OH-D level per 100 IU of D(3) in a 70-kg resident was 2.1 ng/mL versus 1.8 ng/mL for vitamin D(2).

CONCLUSION:

Nursing home residents should receive at least 800-1000 IU of D(3) per day in an effort to maintain optimal vitamin D levels.

Comment in

PMID:
17289535
DOI:
10.1016/j.jamda.2006.09.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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