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Biol Cell. 2007 May;99(5):261-71.

Expression of the Longin domain of TI-VAMP impairs lysosomal secretion and epithelial cell migration.

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1
Membrane Traffic in Neuronal and Epithelial Morphogenesis, Inserm Avenir Team, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND INFORMATION:

TI-VAMP (tetanus neurotoxin-insensitive vesicle-associated membrane protein; also called VAMP7) belongs to the Longin subfamily of v-SNAREs (vesicular soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein-attachment protein receptors). The regulatory N-terminal extension, called the Longin domain, of TI-VAMP has been shown previously to have a dual biochemical function: it inhibits the capacity of TI-VAMP to form SNARE complexes and it binds to the delta subunit of the AP-3 (adaptor protein 3) complex in early endosomes, thereby targeting TI-VAMP to late endosomes.

RESULTS:

We have generated MDCK (Madin-Darby canine kidney) cell lines expressing the Longin domain of TI-VAMP coupled to GFP (green fluorescent protein) in a doxycycline-dependent manner. As expected, AP-3delta (AP-3 delta subunit) is not properly localized in Longin-expressing cells. We have shown that the expression of the Longin domain impairs lysosomal secretion, as determined by the release of a pre-internalized fluorescent fluid-phase marker and by electron microscopy of the membrane-associated released particles. Membrane repair following mechanical wounding, a process requiring lysosomal secretion, is also impaired in cells expressing the Longin domain. Furthermore, cell migration, assessed by wound healing of MDCK monolayers, is also inhibited.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of the present study suggest that the expression of the Longin domain of TI-VAMP regulates lysosomal secretion of epithelial cells and provide molecular evidence for a role of the late endocytic system in cell migration.

PMID:
17288539
DOI:
10.1042/BC20060097
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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