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Expert Rev Proteomics. 2007 Feb;4(1):25-37.

Amino acid-coded tagging approaches in quantitative proteomics.

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Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, 138 Yixueyuan Road, Shanghai, 20003, China.


To improve the efficiency, accuracy, reproducibility, throughput and proteome coverage of mass spectrometry-based quantitative approaches, both in vitro and in vivo tagging of particular amino acid residues of cellular proteins have been introduced to assist mass spectrometry for global-scale comparative studies of differentially expressed proteins/modifications between different biologically relevant cell states or cells at different pathological states. The basic features of these methods introduce pair-wise isotope signals of each individual peptide containing a particular type of tagged amino acid (amino acid-coded mass tagging) that originated from different cell states. In this review, the applications of major amino acid-coded mass tagging-based quantitative proteomics approaches, including isotope-coded affinity tag, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) and stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture are summarized in the context of their respective strengths/weakness in identifying those differentially expressed or post-translational modified proteins regulated by particular cellular stress on a genomic scale in a high-throughput manner. Importantly, these gel-free, in-spectra quantitative mechanisms have been further explored to identify/characterize large-scale protein-protein interactions involving various functional pathways. Taken together, the information about quantitative proteome changes, including multiple regulated proteins and their interconnected relationships, will provide an important insight into the molecular mechanisms, where novel targets for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention will be identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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