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Haemophilia. 2007 Mar;13(2):156-63.

Hepatitis C virus genotypes among patients with thalassemia and inherited bleeding disorders in Markazi province, Iran.

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Department of Virology, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Researches, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes, multiple genotypes infection and HCV seroprevalence were investigated among 98 thalassemia patients and 76 haemophiliacs in Markazi province, Iran. HCV antibody was detected in 5 (5.1%) of the first group and 33 (43.4%) of the latter. Risk factors associated with anti-HCV antibody were also determined. Anti-HCV positivity in thalassemiacs were related to the number of blood transfusion units, splenectomy and duration of thalassemia. Analysis of risk factors in haemophiliacs revealed that seropositivity was significantly associated with duration of transfusion (P =0.009) and severity of disease (P = 0.000). The prevalence of HCV antibody in thalassemia subjects dropped from 8.1% to 0% after implementation of anti-HCV screening (1996). It was found that higher prevalence of HCV antibody in haemophiliacs (43.4%) compared with thalassemia patients (5.1%) correlated with clotting factor concentrates. Of the 34 seropositive haemophilia patients, HCV RNA was detected in 23 (67.7%). HCV genotype distribution was one in 50%, three in 18.2%, two in 4.54% and mixed in 27.3% (1 + 2 in 9.1%, 1 + 3 in 4.54%, 1 + 4 in 9.2% and 2 + 3a in 4.54%) cases. Among the five anti-HCV-positive thalassemiacs, two (40%) were positive for HCV RNA and one sample was found to be subtype 3a. This study confirms that multitransfused patients in Markazi province had similar genotype distribution as those previously reported form some other regions of Iran. Considering the possibilities of HCV mixed genotype among patients with haemophilia and thalassemia, accuracy and precision should be highly concerned in the detection of genotypes and their subsequent treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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