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Dev Biol. 1992 Jan;149(1):112-22.

Developmental profiles of epidermal mRNAs during the pupal-adult molt of Tenebrio molitor and isolation of a cDNA clone encoding an adult cuticular protein: effects of a juvenile hormone analogue.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Zoologie, UA CNRS 674, Universit√© de Bourgogne, Dijon, France.

Abstract

Changes in translatable mRNAs from the wing epidermis of the Coleoptera Tenebrio molitor have been investigated during metamorphosis by analysis of in vitro translated products. Striking differences between the patterns obtained from mRNAs extracted during pupal and adult cuticle secretion indicated that a drastic change in gene expression occurs during the pupal-adult transition. In addition to these stage-specific modifications, the mRNA patterns changed within each cuticular synthesis program (pupal or adult), especially at ecdysis. After tritiated leucine incorporation, some of the major radiolabeled cuticular proteins showed similar changes suggesting that the sequential appearance of mRNAs corresponds to sequential deposition of cuticular proteins. In supernumerary pupae obtained after juvenile hormone analogue (JHA) application on newly ecdysed pupae, translatable mRNA were very similar to those of pharate pupae. The JHA seemed, therefore, to prevent the expression of the adult program. By immunoblotting in vitro translated products with a monoclonal antibody recognizing an adult-specific cuticular protein, the developmental profile of the corresponding mRNA was studied. This mRNA was detected in anterior wing epidermis during the first 80 hr of the pharate adult stage. Using the same antibody, a cDNA clone was isolated from epidermal mRNA. The hybrid selected mRNA coded for only one protein with an apparent MW of 22 kDa which was, furthermore, recognized by the antibody. The Northern blot analysis performed with the clone confirmed the Western blot analysis of the in vitro translation products. JHA application at the beginning of the pupal-adult reprograming prevented the appearance of this mRNA; however, this transcript was present during the following molting cycle. This reversibility of the JHA action was confirmed by immunogold labeling of the cuticles formed in treated animals.

PMID:
1728581
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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