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Hypertension. 2007 Apr;49(4):865-72. Epub 2007 Feb 5.

Beta1 integrins modulate beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated cardiac myocyte apoptosis and myocardial remodeling.

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1
Department of Physiology, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, James H. Quillen Veterans Affairs Medical Center, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, 37614, USA.

Abstract

Sympathetic nerve activity increases in the heart during cardiac failure. Here, we hypothesized that beta1 integrins play a protective role in chronic beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated cardiac myocyte apoptosis and heart failure. L-isoproterenol (iso; 400 microg/kg per hour) was infused in a group of wild-type (WT) and beta1 integrin heterozygous knockout (hKO) mice. Left ventricular structural and functional remodeling was studied at 7 and 28 days of iso-infusion. Western blot analysis demonstrated reduced beta1 integrin levels in the myocardium of hKO-sham. Iso-infusion increased heart weight:body weight ratios in both groups. However, the increase was significantly higher in WT-iso. M-mode echocardiography indicated increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, percentage of fractional shortening, and ejection fraction in the WT-iso group. The percentage of fractional shortening and ejection fraction were significantly lower in hKO-iso versus hKO-sham and WT-iso. Peak left ventricular developed pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure measured using Langendorff-perfusion analyses were significantly higher in the WT-iso group (P<0.05 versus WT-sham and hKO-Iso). The number of TUNEL-positive myocytes was significantly higher in hKO-iso hearts 7 and 28 days after iso-infusion. The increase in myocyte cross-sectional area and fibrosis was higher in the WT-iso group. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 protein levels were significantly higher in WT-iso, whereas matrix metalloproteinase-2 levels were increased in hKO-iso hearts. Iso-infusion increased phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 in both groups. The increase in c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation was significantly higher in hKO-iso (P<0.001 versus WT-iso). Thus, beta1 integrins play a crucial role in beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated myocardial remodeling with effects on cardiac myocyte hypertrophy, apoptosis, and left ventricular function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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