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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Dec 31;97(26):266401. Epub 2006 Dec 26.

Monoclinic and correlated metal phase in VO(2) as evidence of the Mott transition: coherent phonon analysis.

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IT Convergence and Components Research Laboratory, ETRI, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea.


In femtosecond pump-probe measurements, the appearance of coherent phonon oscillations at 4.5 and 6.0 THz indicating the rutile metal phase of VO2 does not occur simultaneously with the first-order metal-insulator transition (MIT) near 68 degrees C. The monoclinic and correlated metal (MCM) phase between the MIT and the structural phase transition (SPT) is generated by a photoassisted hole excitation, which is evidence of the Mott transition. The SPT between the MCM phase and the rutile metal phase occurs due to subsequent Joule heating. The MCM phase can be regarded as an intermediate nonequilibrium state.

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