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Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Jun;36(6):397-401. Epub 2007 Feb 5.

MEFV mutations in Tunisian patients suffering from familial Mediterranean fever.

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1
Faculté de Médicine, Laboratory of Human Genetics, 17 rue Jebel Lakhdar, Tunis 1007, Tunisia. habiba.chaabouni@rns.tn

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To identify the frequency and distribution of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) gene (MEFV) mutations in Tunisian patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This study was performed in the Genetic Department of Tunis University Hospital. A clinical diagnosis of FMF was made according to published criteria. Mutation screening of the MEFV gene was performed in the Human Genetic Laboratory of the "Faculté de Medecine de Tunis" for 8 mutations including the 5 most common known mutations M694V, V726A, M694l, M680l, and E148Q. The tests performed were polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction-digestion for M694V, V726A, M680l, R761H, E148Q; amplification refractory mutation system for A744S, M694l; and PCR-electrophoresis assay for l692del.

RESULTS:

Of the 139 unrelated patients investigated, 61 (44%) had 1 or 2 mutations. In 78 (56%) probands no mutation was identified: 28 patients were homozygous; 16 were compound-heterozygous; 2 had complex alleles; and 17 had only 1 identifiable mutation. Of the mutations, M680l, M694V, M694l, V726A, A744S, R761H, l692DEL, and E148Q accounted for 32, 27, 13, 5, 3, 1, 1, and 18%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The profile of the MEFV gene mutations in the Tunisian population is concordant with other Arab populations but with some differences. M680l is the most common mutation, while V726A, the commonest mutation among Arabs, is rare in our population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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