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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 Jan-Feb;39(1):2-7.

Self-efficacy and norm measures for lunch fruit and vegetable consumption are reliable and valid among fifth grade students.

Author information

1
Archimage Inc, Houston, TX 77006, USA. victoria@archimageonline.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the reliability and validity of a questionnaire measuring fruit and vegetable (FV) self-efficacy and social norms during school lunch among 5th graders.

DESIGN:

In this cross-sectional study, students completed lunch food records and a psychosocial questionnaire measuring school lunch FV self-efficacy and social norms regarding consumption during the fall and spring semesters. Test-retest reliability was assessed between fall and spring semesters. The measurement model was cross-validated in the spring data.

SETTING:

One middle school in Houston, Texas.

PARTICIPANTS:

275 fifth graders in the 1998 fall semester and 262 of these fifth graders in the 1999 spring semester.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

FV consumption and psychosocial variables.

ANALYSES:

Principal components analyses, confirmatory factor analyses and bivariate correlations.

RESULTS:

Three scales were identified: Fruit Self-Efficacy, Vegetable Self-Efficacy, and FV Social Norms. FV self-efficacy were positively correlated with low-fat vegetable and fruit consumption. Social norms were positively correlated with total vegetable, low-fat vegetable, fruit and total FV consumption.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Self-efficacy and norms for eating FV at school lunch are related to lunch FV consumption. Increasing self-efficacy and social norms about consuming FV at school appears to be important targets to improve FV consumption.

PMID:
17276320
PMCID:
PMC2763609
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2006.06.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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