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Neurobiol Dis. 2007 Apr;26(1):146-52. Epub 2006 Dec 30.

Therapeutic immunization with a glatiramer acetate derivative does not alter survival in G93A and G37R SOD1 mouse models of familial ALS.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. The cause of motor neuron degeneration remains largely unknown, and there is no potent treatment. Overexpression of various human mutant superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) genes in mice and rats recapitulates some of the clinical and pathological characteristics of sporadic and familial ALS. Glatiramer acetate (GA) is an approved drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and neuroprotective properties in some neurodegenerative conditions. A recent report suggested that GA immunization could delay disease progression in some, but not all, G93A SOD1 transgenic mouse models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Moreover, it has been theorized that derivatives of GA could enhance immunogenicity and positively affect disease outcomes. The purpose of our study was to assess the neuroprotective efficacy of TV-5010, a high molecular weight GA, in three different SOD1 mutant mouse models. We used large numbers of two SOD1 transgenic mouse strains overexpressing the G93A mutation, B6SJL-TgN[SOD1-G93A]1Gur and B6.Cg-Tg(SOD1-G93A)1Gur/J, and the SOD1 mutant mouse overexpressing G37R (line 29). Regardless of the frequency of injections and the dose, treatment with TV-5010 was ineffective at altering either disease onset or survival in both SOD1 G93A mutants used and in the SOD1 G37R transgenic mice; in multiple studies, disease was accelerated. These studies suggest that, at a range of dosing regimens and carrier used, TV-5010 immunization was ineffective in delaying disease in multiple preclinical therapeutic models for ALS. The biological response in animals, and ultimate clinical translation, will ultimately be dependent on careful and appropriate dose, route and carrier paradigms.

PMID:
17276077
DOI:
10.1016/j.nbd.2006.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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