Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cognition. 2008 Jan;106(1):59-86. Epub 2007 Feb 2.

Bilingualism aids conflict resolution: evidence from the ANT task.

Author information

1
Parc Científic de Barcelona and Departament de Psicologia Bàsica, GRNC, Universitat de Barcelona, P. Vall d'Hebron, 171, 08035 Barcelona, Spain. acosta@ub.edu

Abstract

The need of bilinguals to continuously control two languages during speech production may exert general effects on their attentional networks. To explore this issue we compared the performance of bilinguals and monolinguals in the attentional network task (ANT) developed by Fan et al. [Fan, J., McCandliss, B.D. Sommer, T., Raz, A., Posner, M.I. (2002). Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 340-347]. This task is supposed to tap into three different attentional networks: alerting, orienting and executive control. The results revealed that bilingual participants were not only faster in performing the task, but also more efficient in the alerting and executive control networks. In particular, bilinguals were aided more by the presentation of an alerting cue, and were also better at resolving conflicting information. Furthermore, bilinguals experienced a reduced switching cost between the different type of trials compared to monolinguals. These results show that bilingualism exerts an influence in the attainment of efficient attentional mechanisms by young adults that are supposed to be at the peak of their attentional capabilities.

PMID:
17275801
DOI:
10.1016/j.cognition.2006.12.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center