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J Hand Surg Am. 2007 Feb;32(2):177-89.

Arthroplasty of the distal radioulnar joint using a new ulnar head endoprosthesis: preliminary report.

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1
Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report our experience using a distal ulnar head endoprosthesis to treat painful disorders of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) secondary to (1) instability and (2) arthrosis.

METHODS:

Our experience with over 2 years of follow-up study consists of 19 wrists (17 patients). All patients presented complaining of pain and functional disability of the upper limb due to convergence instability or arthrosis of the DRUJ. The patients were studied prospectively. Thirteen patients had a total of 37 previous wrist or DRUJ surgical procedures. Standardized preoperative and postoperative assessments included a patient-reported pain score, a functional satisfaction score, forearm range of motion, grip strength as a percentage of that of the opposite limb, and clinical and radiographic examinations. The Mayo Wrist Score was calculated before surgery and at the last follow-up period.

RESULTS:

Overall, pain scores decreased 50%, and functional satisfaction scores improved 3-fold. Average grip strength improved by 4 kg, or 16% from preoperative measurements. Forearm rotation was unchanged. All wrists were clinically stable on the latest follow-up examination. Two failures occurred early, at 7 and 14 months. Currently, all prostheses remain clinically and radiographically stable.

CONCLUSIONS:

Implant arthroplasty of the distal ulna combined with an adequate soft-tissue repair is recommended to improve pain, function, and strength of the wrist and forearm. Prosthetic replacement of the distal ulna restored stability to the DRUJ in patients with partial or complete excision of the ulnar head or DRUJ arthrosis and corrected radioulnar impingement. Incidences of complications or revision surgery to date have been low. Larger clinical and radiographic assessments will be needed to determine the long-term success of distal ulna prosthetic replacement.

TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Therapeutic IV.

PMID:
17275592
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhsa.2006.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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