Send to

Choose Destination
Gene. 2007 May 1;392(1-2):157-63. Epub 2006 Dec 12.

Determination of whole prokaryotic phylogeny by the development of a random extraction method.

Author information

Department of Integrative Bioscience and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Waseda Research Park, IOC Honjo-Waseda, Honjo, Saitama, 367-0035, Japan.


The construction of accurate prokaryotic phylogeny is important not only in the field of evolutionary biology, but also in microbiology and pathology. However, in constructing a phylogenetic tree to trace prokaryotic evolution, the phylogenetic relationship is often changed by the choice of species. For the estimation of the accurate lineage of prokaryotes, a new method, named the "random extraction method", was developed. In this method, 16S rRNA sequence data were randomly extracted 1000 times from each closely-related taxa such as seven phyla of Eubacteria and one domain of Archaea and phylogenetic trees were constructed by the data to clarify the relationship of those groups. Next, the tree topology was counted and the most supported tree topology was found as the most plausible phylogenetic tree. To evaluate the reliability of each node, we developed the "Branching rate" (BR) and calculated for every tree. And also, computational simulation analysis was carried out to confirm these methods. On the assumption that the root of life is between Archaea and Eubacteria, the obtained phylogenetic relationships of phyla are the following. At first, Archaea (Euryarchaeota, Crenarchaeota and Korarchaeota) diverged, and Thermotogales, Cyanobacteria and Chlamydiales diverged in this order, then Firmicutes (Actinobacteria and Bacillus/Clostridium group cluster) and Proteobacteria (alpha and beta/gamma cluster) diverged. In addition, it was shown by the BR that the position of the node of Firmicutes Actinobacteria and Firmicutes Bacillus/Clostridium was changeable for each extraction. Therefore, it was suggested that the differences among the phylogenetic trees of prokaryotes were caused by the influence of these phyla.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center