Send to

Choose Destination
Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2007 Mar 15;116(1-2):1-12. Epub 2007 Jan 9.

Failure of antigen-stimulated gammadelta T cells and CD4+ T cells from sensitized cattle to upregulate nitric oxide and mycobactericidal activity of autologous Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-infected macrophages.

Author information

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1250, United States.


The function of gammadelta T cells during ruminant paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) is presently unknown. An ex vivo system was used to test the hypothesis that gammadelta T cells are capable of activating Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis-(M. paratuberculosis)-infected macrophages. Peripheral blood-derived macrophages were infected in vitro with live M. paratuberculosis, and autologous LN-derived gammadelta T cells or CD4+ T cells were co-cultured with infected macrophages for 48h, at which time bacterial survival as well as production of nitrites and IFN-gamma was evaluated. Incubation of M. paratuberculosis-infected macrophages with autologous gammadelta T cells did not result in reduced intracellular bacterial viability compared to infected macrophage cultures without added T cells. IFN-gamma production by-infected cultures containing added gammadelta T cells was not enhanced compared to that of infected macrophages alone. Although infection of macrophage cultures caused increased production of nitrites at both post-infection day (PID) 0 and PID 60, the addition of gammadelta T cells did not further increase nitrite production. In contrast, addition of PPD-stimulated CD4+ T cells obtained at PID 60 to M. paratuberculosis-infected macrophages resulted in significantly increased IFN-gamma production compared to cultures without added T cells or cultures containing unstimulated CD4+ T cells or unstimulated or antigen-stimulated gammadelta T cells. However, the increased production of IFN-gamma by co-cultures containing PPD-stimulated CD4+ T cells did not result in increased bacterial killing or increased production of nitrites compared to cultures without added T cells. In additional in vitro experiments, M. paratuberculosis-infected macrophages, but not uninfected macrophages, were unable to increase nitrite production when stimulated with recombinant IFN-gamma. Taken together, the data suggest that (1) gammadelta T cells do not produce significant IFN-gamma and do not significantly increase NO production from M. paratuberculosis-infected macrophages in vitro, (2) the production of significant IFN-gamma by antigen-stimulated CD4+ T cells from infected calves is insufficient to enhance mycobacterial killing or nitrite production by infected macrophages, and (3) macrophages may have an impaired NO response following intracellular M. paratuberculosis infection, even in the presence of significant concentrations of IFN-gamma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center