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Fertil Steril. 2007 Jun;87(6):1428-37. Epub 2007 Feb 1.

Expression of leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors in the human cyclic endometrium.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Aachen, Germany. ckrusche@ukaachen.de <ckrusche@ukaachen.de>

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the mRNA expression of the two leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors LGR-4 and LGR-5 and the mRNA and protein expression of LGR-7, the relaxin receptor, in the human cyclic endometrium.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

SETTING:

Department of Anatomy and Reproductive Biology, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Aachen, Germany.

METHOD(S):

LGR-4, -5, and -7 mRNA expression was assessed by semiquantitative and real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in the endometrium of premenopausal women (n = 26) and cultured primary endometrial epithelial cells and fibroblasts (n = 3). Transcript size was determined by Northern blotting. LGR-7 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry.

RESULT(S):

The mRNA of LGR-4, LGR-5, and LGR-7 was expressed constitutively throughout the menstrual cycle in the endometrium, and characterized by substantial differences in expression levels of individual women. LGR-7 immunostaining was detected in the epithelium of the functional layer throughout the cycle, with lowest staining in the midproliferative phase. Furthermore, individual stromal cells of the functional layer and the stroma of the basal layer showed LGR-7 immunostaining.

CONCLUSION(S):

Endometrial expression of the mRNA of orphan receptors LGR-4 and LGR-5 implies that the endometrium is potentially influenced by as yet unknown mediators, which are possibly involved in fertility control. Furthermore, we confirmed constitutive endometrial mRNA expression of LGR-7, the classical relaxin receptor, and demonstrated specific LGR-7 immunostaining of different endometrial cell types, which suggests a physiological role of relaxin in the human endometrium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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