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Chem Phys Lipids. 2007 Apr;146(2):85-93. Epub 2007 Jan 7.

Inhibition or activation of Pseudomonas species lipase by 1,2-ethylene-di-N-alkylcarbamates in detergents.

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1
Institute of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 402, Taiwan.

Abstract

1,2-Ethylene-di-N-n-propylcarbamate (1) is characterized as an essential activator of Pseudomonas species lipase while 1,2-ethylene-di-N-n-butyl-, t-butyl-, n-heptyl-, and n-octyl-carbamates (2-5) are characterized as the pseudo substrate inhibitors of the enzyme in the presence of the detergent taurocholate or triton X-100. The inhibition and activation reactions are more sensitive in taurocholate than in triton X-100. From CD studies, the enzyme changes conformations in the presence of the detergent and further alters conformations by addition of the carbamate activator or inhibitor into the enzyme-detergent adduct. Therefore, this study suggests that the conformational change of lipase during interfacial activation is a continuous process to expose the active site of the enzyme to substrate. From 600 MHz (1)H NMR studies, the conformations of the alpha- and beta-methylene moieties of the activator 1,2-ethylene-di-N-n-propylcarbamate in the presence of substrate change after adding taurocholate into the mixture, and the conformations of the beta-methylene moieties of the inhibitor 1,2-ethylene-di-N-n-butylcarbamate in the presence of substrate alter after adding taurocholate into the mixture.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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