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J Hosp Med. 2007 Jan;2(1):23-30.

Pediatric hospitalist comanagement of spinal fusion surgery patients.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Inpatient Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84113, USA. Tamara.Simon@hsc.utah.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are no published studies of hospitalist comanagement of pediatric surgical patients.

OBJECTIVES:

(1) To describe comanagement activities; (2) to determine the association of hospitalist comanagement with length of stay (LOS) following spinal fusion surgery.

DESIGN:

Retrospective analysis of the surgeons' log.

SETTING:

Tertiary-care pediatric hospital.

PATIENTS:

Patients who underwent initial spinal fusion surgery (n = 759) between July 2000 and October 2005.

INTERVENTION:

Hospitalist pre- and perioperative evaluation and management of medically complex patients (from December 2004 to October 2005).

MEASUREMENTS:

Log-transformed LOS and trend in LOS by piecewise regression were measured, adjusting for patient covariates and clustering by surgeon.

RESULTS:

After December 2004, 12% of all spinal fusion surgery patients (14 of 115) were comanaged by a hospitalist. Nine-three percent (13 of 14) of comanaged patients had neuromuscular scoliosis, and comanaged patients represented 37% (13 of 35) of all neuromuscular patients. Mean LOS for all spinal fusion surgeries decreased from 6.5 days (95% CI: 6.2-6.7) to 4.8 days (95% CI: 4.5-5.1) after December 2004. Mean LOS decreased more for neuromuscular patients (8.6 days [95% CI: 8.0- 9.2] to 6.2 days [95% CI: 5.5-6.9]) than for idiopathic patients (5.2 days [95% CI: 5.0-5.4] to 4.1 days [95% CI: 3.9-4.4]). Variability in LOS also decreased significantly for both groups. Prior to hospitalist comanagement, there was no change in adjusted LOS over time. After December 2004, there was a significant decline in average adjusted LOS (neuromuscular slope = -0.23 to -0.31 days/month, P = .0075; idiopathic slope = -0.10 to -0.12 days/month; P = .0007).

CONCLUSIONS:

The introduction of selective hospitalist comanagement of pediatric spinal fusion surgery patients was associated with significant decreases in LOS and variability in LOS.

Comment in

PMID:
17274045
DOI:
10.1002/jhm.144
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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