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Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Mar;80(3):433-40. Epub 2007 Jan 31.

A defect in dolichol phosphate biosynthesis causes a new inherited disorder with death in early infancy.

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  • 1Klinik fur Kinder und Jugendmedizin, Munster, Germany.


The following study describes the discovery of a new inherited metabolic disorder, dolichol kinase (DK1) deficiency. DK1 is responsible for the final step of the de novo biosynthesis of dolichol phosphate. Dolichol phosphate is involved in several glycosylation reactions, such as N-glycosylation, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis, and C- and O-mannosylation. We identified four patients who were homozygous for one of two mutations (c.295T-->A [99Cys-->Ser] or c.1322A-->C [441Tyr-->Ser]) in the corresponding hDK1 gene. The residual activity of mutant DK1 was 2%-4% when compared with control cells. The mutated alleles failed to complement the temperature-sensitive phenotype of DK1-deficient yeast cells, whereas the wild-type allele restored the normal growth phenotype. Affected patients present with a very severe clinical phenotype, with death in early infancy. Two of the patients died from dilative cardiomyopathy.

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