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Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Apr 13;31(3):776-8. Epub 2007 Jan 16.

Is it possible to be dependent to Tianeptine, an antidepressant? A case report.

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Department of Psychiatry, Ankara Numune Hospital, Turkey.


Tianeptine, an atypical tricyclic antidepressant, is one of the first chemical agents, like tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which are employed for the treatment of anxiety and depressive disorders. It is believed that tianeptine, unlike the SSRIs, is enhancing serotonin re-uptake the velocity of the cortical neurons in the lymbic system and hippocampal neurons. In literature, there are more examples of dependence cases of antidepressants, which have amphetaminergic effects, such as amineptine and tranylcipromine, than amitriptyline, fluoxetine and tianeptine. Contrary to the reports about using high dosages of tianeptine, case reports about misuse and dependence have revealed that the most common reason of dependence is the psychostimulant effect. In these cases, tolerance to tianeptine and the symptoms of depreviation in absence of the drug have been seen, and the history of dependence or abuse of any drug or alcohol, treatment for mood and/or personality disorders are mentioned as possible risks for the dependence to tianeptine. This report discusses the diagnosis and treatment of a tianeptine dependence case. The 34 year-old patient, who is in conflict with her own family members, does not have the history of dependence or abuse of any substances, except for smoking, had been using excessive doses of 750 mg/day of tianeptine for a year.

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