Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Surg Res. 2007 May 1;139(1):68-76. Epub 2007 Jan 30.

Loss of claudin-1 expression correlates with malignancy of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Second Department of Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prognosis for the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient is affected by invasion and metastases. The attenuated expression of adherens junction protein epithelial-cadherin (E-cad) correlates with a more malignant potential in HCC. However, the potential of the claudin (CL) family of tight junctional proteins for HCC prognosis has remained unrecognized.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We immunohistochemically examined the expression of CL-1 and E-cad in resected specimens from 55 HCC cases. The percentage of CL-1- or E-cad-positive cells was counted in HCC cells and the surrounding hepatocytes and scored as 0 (0%), 1 (1-33%), 2 (34-66%), and 3 (67-100%). The expression of CL-1 or E-cad was considered "preserved" if the score in HCC was equal to or more than that in the surrounding hepatocytes, and "attenuated" if not so.

RESULTS:

In nontumorous tissue, CL-1 and E-cad were observed at the lateral surface of hepatocytes and biliary epithelial cells. In well-differentiated HCCs, the expression of CL-1 and E-cad was preserved in 12 of 14 cases. In poorly differentiated HCCs, E-cad expression was preserved in 9 of 18 cases, while CL-1 expression was preserved in only 4 cases (P<0.01 versus well-differentiated HCCs). HCCs with portal invasion showed significantly attenuated CL-1 expression than those without portal invasion (P<0.05). The survival rate after hepatectomy for HCC with attenuated CL-1 expression was significantly lower than that for HCC with preserved CL-1 expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Attenuated expression of CL-1 closely correlates with the dedifferentiation and portal invasion of HCC. Down-regulated CL-1 expression may serve as a potential marker for a poor prognosis in HCC.

PMID:
17270214
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2006.08.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center