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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007 Feb;57(Pt 2):316-20.

Thalassospira xiamenensis sp. nov. and Thalassospira profundimaris sp. nov.

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Key Laboratory of Marine Biogenetic Resources, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, PR China.


Two bacterial strains, M-5T and WP0211T, were isolated from the surface water of a waste-oil pool in a coastal dock and from a deep-sea sediment sample from the West Pacific Ocean, respectively. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that both strains belonged to the class Alphaproteobacteria and were closely related to Thalassospira lucentensis (96.1 and 96.2 %, gene sequence similarity, respectively). Based on the results of physiological and biochemical tests, as well as DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, it is suggested that these isolates represent two novel species of the genus Thalassospira. Various traits allow both novel strains to be differentiated from Thalassospira lucentensis, including oxygen requirement, nitrate reduction and denitrification abilities and major fatty acid profiles, as well as their ability to utilize six different carbon sources. Furthermore, the novel strains may be readily distinguished from each other by differences in their motility, flagellation, growth at 4 degrees C and 40 degrees C, their ability to hydrolyse Tween 40 and Tween 80, their utilization of 19 different carbon sources and by quantitative differences in their fatty acid contents. It is proposed that the isolates represent two novel species for which the names Thalassospira xiamenensis sp. nov. (type strain, M-5T=DSM 17429T=CGMCC 1.3998T) and Thalassospira profundimaris sp. nov. (type strain, WP0211T=DSM 17430T=CGMCC 1.3997T) are proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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