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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Feb 6;104(6):1871-6. Epub 2007 Jan 31.

Maternal neoangiogenesis during pregnancy partly derives from fetal endothelial progenitor cells.

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1
Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, EA 4053, Laboratoire de Physiopathologie du Développement, Paris, France.

Abstract

Fetal progenitor cells enter the maternal circulation during pregnancy and can persist for decades. We aimed to determine the role of these cells in tissue inflammation during pregnancy. WT female mice were mated to males transgenic for the EGFP (ubiquitous) or the luciferase gene controlled by the VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2; V-Luc) promoter. A contact hypersensitivity reaction was triggered during such pregnancies. Fetal cells were tracked by using real-time quantitative amplification of the transgene (real-time PCR), Y chromosome in situ hybridization (FISH), immunofluorescence or in vivo bioluminescence imaging. Real-time PCR disclosed fetal cells in the inflamed areas in all tested mice (17/17) with higher frequency and numbers in the inflamed compared with the control areas (P = 0.01). Double labeling demonstrated CD31+ EGFP+ fetal cells organized as blood vessels. In WT pregnant mice bearing V-Luc fetuses, a specific luciferase activity signal could be detected at the hypersensitivity site only, demonstrating the elective presence of VEGFR2-expressing fetal cells. In conclusion, using various techniques, we found the presence of fetal endothelial cells lining blood vessels in maternal sites of inflammation. These results imply that fetal endothelial progenitor cells are acquired by the mother and participate in maternal angiogenesis during pregnancy.

PMID:
17267612
PMCID:
PMC1794298
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0606490104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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