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BMC Health Serv Res. 2007 Jan 31;7:15.

Cultural competence in mental health care: a review of model evaluations.

Author information

1
Centre for Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, Old Anatomy Building, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK. k.s.bhui@qmul.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cultural competency is now a core requirement for mental health professionals working with culturally diverse patient groups. Cultural competency training may improve the quality of mental health care for ethnic groups.

METHODS:

A systematic review that included evaluated models of professional education or service delivery.

RESULTS:

Of 109 potential papers, only 9 included an evaluation of the model to improve the cultural competency practice and service delivery. All 9 studies were located in North America. Cultural competency included modification of clinical practice and organizational performance. Few studies published their teaching and learning methods. Only three studies used quantitative outcomes. One of these showed a change in attitudes and skills of staff following training. The cultural consultation model showed evidence of significant satisfaction by clinicians using the service. No studies investigated service user experiences and outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

There is limited evidence on the effectiveness of cultural competency training and service delivery. Further work is required to evaluate improvement in service users' experiences and outcomes.

PMID:
17266765
PMCID:
PMC1800843
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6963-7-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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