Send to

Choose Destination
Biofactors. 2006;28(1):9-19.

Influence of vitamin E on gastric mucosal injury induced by Helicobacter pylori infection.

Author information

Inflammation and Immunology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.


We investigated the effect of vitamin E on gastric mucosal injury induced by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Male Mongolian gerbils were divided into 4 groups (normal group without H. pylori infection, vitamin E-deficient, -sufficient and -supplemented groups with H. pylori infection). Following oral inoculation with H. pylori (ATCC43504 2 x 10(8) CFU), animals were fed diets alpha-tocopherol 2 mg/100 g diet in the normal and vitamin E-sufficient groups and alpha-tocopherol 0.1 mg/100 g and 50 mg/100 g in the vitamin E-deficient and -supplemented groups, respectively, for 24 weeks. Chronic gastritis was detected in all gerbils inoculated H. pylori. Gastric ulcer was detected in 2 of 7 gerbils only in the vitamin E-deficient group. In the vitamin E-deficient group, myeloperoxidase activity and mouse keratinocyte derived chemokine (KC) in gastric mucosa was significantly higher than in the vitamin E supplemented group. Subsequently, in an in vitro study expression of CD11b/CD18 on neutrophils was enhanced by H. pylori water extract. This effect was suppressed in a dose dependent manner by the addition of alpha-tocopherol. These results suggest that vitamin E has a protective effect on gastric mucosal injury induced by H. pylori infection in gerbils, through the inhibition of accumulation of activated neutrophils.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center