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Biofactors. 2006;28(1):9-19.

Influence of vitamin E on gastric mucosal injury induced by Helicobacter pylori infection.

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1
Inflammation and Immunology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of vitamin E on gastric mucosal injury induced by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Male Mongolian gerbils were divided into 4 groups (normal group without H. pylori infection, vitamin E-deficient, -sufficient and -supplemented groups with H. pylori infection). Following oral inoculation with H. pylori (ATCC43504 2 x 10(8) CFU), animals were fed diets alpha-tocopherol 2 mg/100 g diet in the normal and vitamin E-sufficient groups and alpha-tocopherol 0.1 mg/100 g and 50 mg/100 g in the vitamin E-deficient and -supplemented groups, respectively, for 24 weeks. Chronic gastritis was detected in all gerbils inoculated H. pylori. Gastric ulcer was detected in 2 of 7 gerbils only in the vitamin E-deficient group. In the vitamin E-deficient group, myeloperoxidase activity and mouse keratinocyte derived chemokine (KC) in gastric mucosa was significantly higher than in the vitamin E supplemented group. Subsequently, in an in vitro study expression of CD11b/CD18 on neutrophils was enhanced by H. pylori water extract. This effect was suppressed in a dose dependent manner by the addition of alpha-tocopherol. These results suggest that vitamin E has a protective effect on gastric mucosal injury induced by H. pylori infection in gerbils, through the inhibition of accumulation of activated neutrophils.

PMID:
17264389
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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