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J Clin Oncol. 2007 Feb 1;25(4):424-30.

Quality of life in operable colon cancer patients receiving oral compared with intravenous chemotherapy: results from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Trial C-06.

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National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Operations and Biostatistical Centers, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Clin Oncol. 2007 Dec 1;25(34):5540-1.



We compared health-related quality of life (HRQL), symptoms, and convenience of care (COC) in patients with stage II/III carcinoma of the colon who received either oral uracil/ftorafur (UFT) plus leucovorin (LV) or standard intravenous (IV) fluorouracil (FU) plus LV as adjuvant chemotherapy.


We measured HRQL with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C) questionnaire, Short Form-36 Vitality Scale (SF-36), and a Quality of Life Rating Scale (QLRS) at baseline, once during chemotherapy, and at 1 year. We used the Symptom Distress Scale (SDS) and treatment-specific Symptom Checklist (SCL) to assess symptoms and a modified Burden of Care form to assess COC at baseline, on day 1 of each treatment cycle, and at 1 year. Repeated measures analyses controlling for demographic variables and baseline scores were used for statistical comparisons.


The study accrued 1,608 patients, 803 to the FU arm and 805 to the UFT arm. There were no differences between the arms in overall FACT-C scores, FACT-C scores within the subscales of colon-specific, physical, emotional, social, and functional health, or QLRS scores. Patients taking UFT reported substantially higher COC. Statistically significant but small differences were observed for SF-36, favoring FU, and for SDS and SCL, both favoring UFT.


Patients perceive adjuvant treatment with UFT + LV as more convenient than standard IV treatment with FU + LV. Both regimens are well tolerated and do not differ in their impact on HRQL.

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