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Anal Chem. 2007 Feb 1;79(3):980-5.

Development of zeptomole and attomolar detection sensitivity of biotin-peptide using a dot-blot gold nanoparticle immunoassay.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering and Institute of Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, 1, Section 3, Chung-Hsiao E. Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan.


An ultrasensitive, simple, and fast immunoassay for biotin-peptide detection using gold nanoparticles conjugated with antibodies has been developed. Biotin was covalently attached to a peptide and the biotin-peptide bound on a nitrocellulose membrane. Antibody-coated gold nanoparticles bound to the biotin-peptide formed red dots. With this method, 100 amol of the biotin-peptide was detected and no immunogold was bound to the membrane in the absence of biotin. The relative intensity of each dot was scored using Quantity One, a quantitative analysis software program. The linear working range of this assay was between 1 pmol and 1 micromol. The assay sensitivity was increased by silver enhancement to 100 zmol, and the linear working range was between 100 zmol and 100 fmol. This assay can be extended to detect target molecules, such as dioxin, digoxin, mercury, and so on, with matched antibodies and has potential broad applications in immunoassay.

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