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Ann Neurol. 2007 Jan;61(1):73-83.

X-linked NDUFA1 gene mutations associated with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy.

Author information

1
Centro de Investigación, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Mitochondrial complex I deficiency is the commonest diagnosed respiratory chain defect, being genetically heterogeneous. The male preponderance of previous patient cohorts suggested an X-linked underlying genetic defect. We investigated mutations in the X-chromosomal complex I structural genes, NDUFA1 and NDUFB11, as a novel cause of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy.

METHODS:

We sequenced 12 nuclear genes and the mitochondrial DNA-encoded complex I genes in 26 patients with respiratory chain complex I defect. Novel mutations were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction restriction length polymorphism. Assembly/stability studies in fibroblasts were performed using two-dimensional blue native gel electrophoresis.

RESULTS:

Two novel p.Gly8Arg and p.Arg37Ser hemizygous mutations in NDUFA1 were identified in two unrelated male patients presenting with Leigh's syndrome and with myoclonic epilepsy and developmental delay, respectively. Two-dimensional blue native gel electrophoresis showed decreased levels of intact complex I with no accumulation of lower molecular weight subcomplexes, indicating that assembly, stability, or both are compromised.

INTERPRETATION:

Mutations in the X-linked NDUFA1 gene result in complex I defect and encephalomyopathy. Assembly/stability analysis might give an explanation for the different clinical phenotypes and become useful for future diagnostic purposes.

PMID:
17262856
DOI:
10.1002/ana.21036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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