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J Cell Biol. 2007 Jan 29;176(3):343-53.

Type I gamma phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase modulates adherens junction and E-cadherin trafficking via a direct interaction with mu 1B adaptin.

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Program in Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Assembly of E-cadherin-based adherens junctions (AJ) is obligatory for establishment of polarized epithelia and plays a key role in repressing the invasiveness of many carcinomas. Here we show that type Igamma phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase (PIPKIgamma) directly binds to E-cadherin and modulates E-cadherin trafficking. PIPKIgamma also interacts with the mu subunits of clathrin adaptor protein (AP) complexes and acts as a signalling scaffold that links AP complexes to E-cadherin. Depletion of PIPKIgamma or disruption of PIPKIgamma binding to either E-cadherin or AP complexes results in defects in E-cadherin transport and blocks AJ assembly. An E-cadherin germline mutation that loses PIPKIgamma binding and shows disrupted basolateral membrane targeting no longer forms AJs and leads to hereditary gastric cancers. These combined results reveal a novel mechanism where PIPKIgamma serves as both a scaffold, which links E-cadherin to AP complexes and the trafficking machinery, and a regulator of trafficking events via the spatial generation of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate.

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