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Infect Immun. 2007 Apr;75(4):1771-7. Epub 2007 Jan 29.

Complement factor D, albumin, and immunoglobulin G anti-band 3 protein antibodies mimic serum in promoting rosetting of malaria-infected red blood cells.

Author information

1
ETH Zurich, Institute of Biochemistry, HPM D14, Schafmattstrasse 18, CH 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Rosetting of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (parasitized RBC [pRBC]) with uninfected RBC has been associated in many studies with malaria morbidity and is one form of cytoadherence observed with malarial parasites. Rosetting is serum dependent for many isolates of P. falciparum, including the strains FCR3S1.2 and Malayan Camp studied here. We identified the three naturally occurring components of sera which confer rosetting. Complement factor D alone induced 30 to 40% of de novo rosetting. Its effect was additive to that of 0.5 mg/ml albumin and to that of 15 ng/ml of naturally occurring antibodies to the anion transport protein, band 3. The three components together mediated rosetting as effectively as 10% serum. De novo rosetting experiments showed that naturally occurring anti-band 3 antibodies as well as factor D were effective only when added to pRBC. Factor D appeared to cleave a small fraction of a protein expressed on the surface of pRBC.

PMID:
17261605
PMCID:
PMC1865670
DOI:
10.1128/IAI.01514-06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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