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Int J Hematol. 2007 Jan;85(1):78-84.

Quality of umbilical cord blood CD34+ cells in a double-compartment freezing bag cryopreserved without a rate-controlled programmed freezer.

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  • 1Division of Blood Transfusion, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan.


The aim of this study was to evaluate how a simple method of cryopreservation influences the quality of CD34+ cells in umbilical cord blood (UCB). The cells were dispensed into a double-compartment freezing bag, cryopreserved at -85 degrees C without a rate-controlled programmed freezer, and stored in the liquid phase of nitrogen. The viability of the CD34+ cells before freezing and after thawing was assessed by flow cytometry with 7-aminoactinomycin D and by colony-forming assays. Twenty UCB units cryopreserved for a median of 92 days were analyzed. Mean CD34+ cell viabilities before freezing were 99.8% +/- 0.4% and after thawing were 99.5% +/- 0.8% in large chambers, 99.6% +/- 0.5% in small chambers, and 99.4% +/- 0.6% in sample tubes. The mean values from colony-forming assays of the viable CD34+ cells before freezing were 30.7 +/- 6.8 (colony-forming units-granulocyte-macrophage [CFU-GM] per 100 viable CD34+ cells) and 68.5 +/- 14.8 (total CFUs per 100 viable CD34+ cells). The CFU-GM and total CFU values after thawing were, respectively, 32.7 +/- 9.0 and 66.0 +/- 13.4 in large chambers, 32.4 +/- 8.1 and 64.5 +/- 16.1 in small chambers, and 30.9 +/- 5.4 and 64.7 +/- 12.4 in sample tubes. The results of the colony-forming assays before freezing and after thawing were not significantly different. Our findings overall indicated that our simple method for the cryopreservation of UCB cells without a rate-controlled programmed freezer does not impair the clonogenic capacity of UCB progenitor cells. This cryopreservation method could provide cellular products adequate for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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