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Microbiology. 2007 Feb;153(Pt 2):399-410.

Pleiotropic effects of mutations that alter the Sinorhizobium meliloti cytochrome c respiratory system.

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Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6340, USA.


Using transposon mutagenesis, mutations have been isolated in several genes (ccdA, cycM, ccmC, ccmB and senC) that play a role in Sinorhizobium meliloti cytochrome metabolism. As in other bacteria, mutations in the S. meliloti ccdA, ccmB and ccmC genes resulted in the absence of all c-type cytochromes. However, the S. meliloti ccdA mutant also lacked cytochrome oxidase aa(3), a defect that does not appear to have been reported for other bacteria. The aa(3)-type cytochromes were also missing from a mutant strain with an insertion into the gene encoding the haem-containing subunit (SU)I of aa(3) cytochrome c oxidase, but not in mutants unable to make SUII or SUIII, indicating that CcdA probably plays a role in assembling SUI. The cytochrome-deficient mutants also had other free-living phenotypes, including a significant decrease in growth rate on rich media and increased motility on minimal media. A senC mutant also had significantly decreased motility, but the motility and growth properties of the cycM mutant were unchanged. Unlike similar mutants in Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Rhizobium leguminosarum, an S. meliloti Rm1021 cycM mutant contained cytochrome oxidase aa(3). Cytochrome maturation in strain Rm1021 appeared to be similar to maturation in other rhizobia, but there were some differences in the cytochrome composition of the strain, and respiration chain function and assembly.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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