Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Psychopharmacol. 2007 Sep;21(7):751-6. Epub 2007 Jan 26.

Placental transfer of quetiapine in relation to P-glycoprotein activity.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Joint Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory of University of Turku, Turku University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. melissa.rahi@tyks.fi

Abstract

Atypical antipsychotic drugs are well tolerated and thus often preferred in women of fertile age; yet the information on their placental transfer and use during the prenatal period is limited. The aim of this study was to study the placental transfer of quetiapine, a widely used atypical antipsychotic, with special reference to the role of the placental transporter protein, P-glycoprotein (P-gp). This was performed in 18 dually perfused placentas, using the well established P-gp inhibitors PSC833 (valspodar) and GG918 to inhibit the function of P-gp. We also aimed to clarify the significance of two potentially functional ABCB1 single nuclear polymorphisms (SNPs), 2677G>T/A and 3435C>T, on the transplacental transfer (TPT) of quetiapine. The placental transfer of quetiapine in the control group as measured by TPT(AUC) % (absolute fraction of the dose crossing placenta) was 3.7%, which is 29% less than the transfer of the freely diffusible antipyrine, which was 5.2%. The P-gp inhibitors had no significant effect on the transfer of quetiapine as measured by TPT(AUC) % (P = 0.77). No correlation was found between the transplacental transfer of quetiapine (TPT(AUC) %) and placental P-gp expression (P = 0.61). The 3435T allele in exon 26 was associated with significantly higher placental transfer of quetiapine (P = 0.04). We conclude that quetiapine passes the human placenta but that the blood-placental barrier partially limits the transplacental transfer of quetiapine. Administration of P-gp inhibiting drugs with quetiapine is not likely to increase fetal exposure to quetiapine, although the ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism may contribute to inter-individual variation in fetal exposure to quetiapine.

PMID:
17259208
DOI:
10.1177/0269881106074065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center