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J Med Chem. 2007 Feb 22;50(4):663-73. Epub 2007 Jan 27.

Molecular-docking-guided design, synthesis, and biologic evaluation of radioiodinated quinazolinone prodrugs.

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Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Enzyme-mediated cancer imaging and therapy (EMCIT) is a novel approach in which radioactive water-soluble molecules are precipitated in vivo following their hydrolysis by extracellular enzymes overexpressed by cancer cells. AutoDock 3.0 was used to model the interaction-binding between a series of iodinated quinazolinone derivatives and human placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP, crystal structure in the Protein Data Bank) and to assess the effects of structural modification of the derivatives. Ammonium 2-(2',4'-diphosphoryloxyphenyl)-6-iodo-4-(3H)-quinazolinone (IQ2-P,4-P), having the most favorable calculated inhibition constant, was synthesized and characterized. Concentration-dependent, PLAP-mediated conversion of IQ2-P,4-P (4)/125IQ2-P,4-P (6) to water-insoluble 2-(2',4'-dihydroxyphenyl)-6-[127I/125I]iodo-4-(3H)-quinazolinone (127IQ2-OH,4-OH (2)/125IQ2-OH,4-OH (7)) was observed in solution. Autoradiography indicated that 6 is hydrolyzed by human cancer cells and the resulting 7 precipitates on exterior cell surfaces. Biodistribution studies in mice demonstrated that 6 is minimally retained by normal tissues. The findings support the validity of the EMCIT approach.

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