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Rheumatology (Oxford). 2007 May;46(5):833-41. Epub 2007 Jan 25.

Skin involvement in scleroderma--where histological and clinical scores meet.

Author information

1
INSERM U697, Paris, France. franck.verrecchia@stlouis.inserm.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A clinico-pathological study in diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients was performed to analyse whether the skin histological organization and the pro-fibrotic signals elicited by TGF-beta in fibroblasts vary according to the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS).

METHODS:

Twenty-seven SSc patients underwent 45 skin biopsies with simultaneous measure of mRSS before or after treatment by immunosuppressive drugs, with or without autologous peripheral haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

RESULTS:

Double-blind optic microscopy analysis of the biopsies standard extracellular matrix stains allowed to define three histological subgroups: 6 with grade 1 weak fibrosis, 30 with grade 2 moderate fibrosis and 9 with grade 3 severe fibrosis. A significant (P < 0.0001) was identified between the grades of fibrosis and the mRSS. In skin fibroblast cultures, Smad3 phosphorylation levels, as well as mRNA steady-state levels of two transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/Smad3 targets, COL1A2 and PAI-1, increased in parallel with the mRSS. When compared with pre-transplant values the degree of fibrosis observed after HSCT in the papillary and in the reticular dermis decreased in parallel with the fall in mRSS (n = 5 consecutive patients with repeated biopsies).

CONCLUSIONS:

The histological extent of skin fibrosis correlates closely with the mRSS. Both parameters appeared to regress after HSCT. The extent of TGF-beta signalling activation in SSc skin fibroblasts appears to parallel the severity of disease.

PMID:
17255134
DOI:
10.1093/rheumatology/kel451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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