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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2007 Feb 15;458(2):167-74. Epub 2007 Jan 8.

Re-engineering cytochrome P450 2B11dH for enhanced metabolism of several substrates including the anti-cancer prodrugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-1031, USA.


Based on recent directed evolution of P450 2B1, six P450 2B11 mutants at three positions were created in an N-terminal modified construct termed P450 2B11dH and characterized for enzyme catalysis using five substrates. Mutant I209A demonstrated a 3.2-fold enhanced k(cat)/K(m) for 7-ethoxy-4-trifluoromethylcourmarin O-deethylation, largely due to a dramatic decrease in K(m) (0.72 microM vs. 18 microM). I209A also demonstrated enhanced selectivity for testosterone 16beta-hydroxylation over 16alpha-hydroxylation. In contrast, V183L showed a 4-fold increased k(cat) for 7-benzyloxyresorufin debenzylation and a 4.7-fold increased k(cat)/K(m) for testosterone 16alpha-hydroxylation. V183L also displayed a 1.7-fold higher k(cat)/K(m) than P450 2B11dH with the anti-cancer prodrugs cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide, resulting from a approximately 4-fold decrease in K(m). Introduction of the V183L mutation into full-length P450 2B11 did not enhance the k(cat)/K(m). Overall, the re-engineered P450 2B11dH enzymes exhibited enhanced catalytic efficiency with several substrates including the anti-cancer prodrugs.

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