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J Gen Virol. 2007 Feb;88(Pt 2):570-81.

Distinct gene subsets are induced at different time points after human respiratory syncytial virus infection of A549 cells.

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Unidad de Biología Viral, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.


cDNA microarray technology was applied to time course analysis of differentially expressed genes in A549 cells following human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) infection. Both up- and down-regulation of cellular genes were observed in a time-dependent manner. However, gene up-regulation prevailed over gene down-regulation. Virus infectivity was required as UV-inactivated virus failed to up-regulate/down-regulate those genes. At early times post-infection (0-6 h p.i.) 85 genes were up-regulated. Some of those genes were involved in cell growth/proliferation, cellular protein metabolism and cytoskeleton organization. Among the most strongly up-regulated genes at that time were the urokinase plasminogen activator (PLAU) and its receptor (PLAUR), a pleiotropic system involved in many biological processes, including chemotaxis and inflammation. Functionally related genes encoding the alpha- and beta-chains of several integrins were also up-regulated within the first 12 h of infection. Genes up-regulated between 6 and 12 h p.i. included interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), genes related to oxidative stress and genes of the non-canonical NF-kappaB pathway. At later times, genes involved in the immune response became predominant among the up-regulated genes, most of them being ISGs. Different up-regulation kinetics of cytokine and cytokine-signalling-related genes were also observed. These results highlight the dynamic interplay between the virus and the host cell and provide a general picture of changes in cellular gene expression along the HRSV replicative cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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