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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Feb;48(2):491-9.

Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous due to somatic mosaic deletion of the arf tumor suppressor.

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Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 332 N. Lauderdale Street, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.



Mice lacking the Arf tumor-suppressor gene develop eye disease reminiscent of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV). The current work explores mechanisms by which Arf promotes eye development, and its absence causes a PHPV-like disease.


Chimeric mice were made by fusing wild-type and Arf(-/-) morulae. In these experiments, wild-type cells are identified by transgenic expression of GFP from a constitutive promoter. PCR-based genotyping and quantitative analyses after immunofluorescence staining of tissue and cultured cells documented the relative contribution of wild-type and Arf(-/-) cells to different tissues in the eye and different types of cells in the vitreous.


The contributions of the Arf(-/-) lineage to the tail DNA, cornea, retina, and retina pigment epithelium (RPE) correlated with each other in wild-type<-->Arf(-/-) chimeric mice. Newborn chimeras had primary vitreous hyperplasia, evident as a retrolental mass. The mass was usually present when the proportion of Arf(-/-) cells was relatively high and absent when the Arf(-/-) proportion was low. The Pdgfrbeta- and Sma-expressing cells within the mass arose predominantly from the Arf(-/-) population. Ectopic Arf expression induced smooth muscle proteins in cultured pericyte-like cells, and Arf and Sma expression overlapped in hyaloid vessels.


In the mouse model, loss of Arf in only a subset of cells causes a PHPV-like disease. The data indicate that both cell autonomous and non-cell autonomous effects of Arf may contribute to its role in vitreous development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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