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J Phys Chem B. 2007 Feb 15;111(6):1271-6. Epub 2007 Jan 24.

Raman dispersion and intermolecular interactions in unsubstituted thiophene oligomers.

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Center for NanoEngineered MAterials and Surfaces (NEMAS), Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica G. Natta, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy.


We present a critical analysis of the Raman spectra of unsubstituted oligothiophenes and rediscuss the well-known Raman dispersion of conjugated systems explicitly considering intermolecular interactions. Temperature-dependent Raman spectra and DFT calculations for dimers of different chain lengths show that the effect of intermolecular interactions on the frequency and intensity of carbon-carbon (CC) stretching modes is non-negligible. This effect has not been considered in previous works and might explain many spectral features of this class of compounds which are not completely interpreted by the usual models. Both intensities and frequencies are significantly affected by intermolecular interactions showing that molecular self-organization should be taken into account in future spectroscopic studies of conjugated molecules. In particular, the interactions among molecules cause an upward shift of the frequency of the R mode (amplitude mode) which can explain the lack of frequency dispersion with conjugation length of oligothiophenes, as experimentally observed for solid-state samples at room temperature.


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